, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

When I first wrote about Oracle Messaging Cloud we used a service called WebScript.io to make it easy to demonstrate the Message Push Listener. WebScript was essentially what we better know as a Serverless or Functions oriented offering (that is we wrote pieces of code and deployed them without any consideration servers etc). Well as I prepared my demos for Messaging Cloud for the UK Oracle User Group Tech 17 Conference I discovered that WebScript is being shutdown in December 2017.

In the light of this news, I needto provide an alternate implementation for my Message Push Listener demo Google’s Cloud Functions.  Before I go into the Google implementation I thought it worth sharing how I landed on Google’s offering.

The Google Cloud Functions is a new service that has been launched with an interesting future. I had hoped to try using project Fn (Oracle’s open source serverless offering) but the cloud offering is not yet publicly available – although you can run Fn on any platform today if you’re prepared to invest in setting up the environment (defeating the point of serverless). I know some of Oracle’s Developer Champions have had a preview so it cant be too far away now. I’m sure when we get a chance to access the new Cloud Native Service announced which will include Fn we will revisit it. Before settling on Google we looked at several other offerings in the serverless space. Whilst this is not an exhaustive analysis it should help give a sense of the challenges and ease of adoption. If you search today on Serverless you’ll most commonly come across Auth0’s WebTask.io, AWS Lambda and IBM OpenWhisk (based on Apache OpenWhisk).


I started with WebTask.io and it was very nearly a done deal, with a nice easy to work with Cloud Development Platform, integrated testing. Extensive support for Node.js and a number of standard frameworks to use with it such as Express available without doing anything.

Other languages are supported as well by WebTask.io. But as I’m trying to create a demo that warrants very little explanation of the Serverless platform we didn’t dig in to this area. Everything went swimmingly until I tried to setup external calls to my function. This became a headache as the security model whilst not overly complex (several ways to provide the REST call with authentication e.g. adding a key in the URI). The process of generating and associating the credentials was far from clear in the documentation.

AWS Lambda

I moved to look at AWS Lambda, this I just found horribly confusing to get started with. I have heard others saying that getting going isn’t straight forward. So I found myself giving up pretty quickly as the setting up wasn’t that clear. Whilst having used AWS with its IaaS capabilities which is both powerful, flexible and pretty easy to get to grips with if you understand basic ideas like virtual machines this didnt hold true fory Lambdas.


As for OpenWisk, we started to look at it, but getting a 404 error when trying to access the Editor following the IBM documentation didn’t inspire confidence. The was plenty of supoprting documentation which explains how OpenWhisk works.


The Execution framework for OpenWhisk

  1.  Ningx is used for SSL termination and forwarding appropriate HTTP calls to the next component
  2. Controller first disambiguates what the user is trying to do. It does so based on the HTTP method you use in your HTTP request. This is a Scala solution built using Akka & Spray. This includes ..
  3. Verification who you are (Authentication) against a CouchDB based identiy store.
  4. Once approved details of the Action to be executed is retrieved from the whisks database in CouchDB.
  5. With information on what to do, the action of service discovery is formed using Consul. Which tracks the available executors in the system. Those executors are called Invokers
  6. Kafka is then used to mitigate the demand pipeline from a failure by recording the request and the consumer (invoker) identified by Consul.
  7. The invoker is built using Scala and uses a Docker instance to run the Action which could be anything e.g. Node.js. The action is injected into the container to be processed.
  8. As the result is obtained by the Invoker, it is stored into the whisks database as an activation under the ActivationId. The whisks database lives in CouchDB.

In addition to the 404, as you can see we have a two step process to execute an action and return a respoinse. However the Message Push Listener initial challenge needs a call and response in a single step. So trying to massage this into a call and response is going to be challenging and a distraction from what we want to be conveying.

Using Google Functions

This brings us Back to Google, whilst the Cloud IDE is not as elegant or mature as WebTask it was sufficient and the security model wasn’t imposed. I liked the documentation when needed to refer back  to it, but to be honest it is pretty intuitive. You can’t fault the docs, to the point Google gave time over to explaining how to manage or avoid incurring costs.

Setting up, was very simple, and then once you’ve choosen your cloud services you get a dashboard like this:

Google CLoud mgmt

Google provides the idea of projects which allows you to group pieces together – such as related functions. Each project is name space separated. If we then navigate into a Functions project we get a view as follows:

Google cloud functionsAs you can see in the preceeding diagram I created two functions within a project called OMCS. From here you can create more functions in your project or drill into an individual function, as the following view shows:

Google Functiuons performance

An individual function provides you with several tabbed views overing the Gernal information  (as shown above) or Trigger, Source and Testing. We can see the other views in the following screenshots. The following screen shot shows the Functions Editor, as you can see it is fairly simple – but sufficient to do the job.


Once saved, if valid the code will automatically get deployed, or you can work offline and then upload the code if you want to use a nice editor like Sublime.

with your code edited and saved, then the next step is to invoke it. This can be done with the next tab, or the details such as the URI can be copied and you can test from your preferred test tool such as SOAPUI, Postman and APIFortress.

Google functions Trigger

The testing view allows you 5o define input and output values, along with the outcomes. Personally I worked with SOAPUI.

Google Functiuons Test

The important thing with running tests or diagnosing issues, is to be able to examine execution logs. In this area Google Functions is pretty feature rich with a solution that works in a style somewhat like the searching in Splunk (and I’m sure other log analytics tools) where you can drill into the logs and build log filters on the fly. The log view is shown in the next screenshot.

Gogole Functions Logging 2

as you can see tool looks pretty straight forward and uncomplicated to use, with freedom to adapt how you work to your preferred style. Based on my experience of using Project FN on my desktop – it is this simplicity I think we’ll see with the Cloud Native Platform from Oracle when it becomes available.

Finally, let’s take a look at the code in Google Functions code produced for this example:



Google Code whilst its UI is a bit basic, it is easy to use and get started, certainly for using as a demo platform or perhaps for creating stubs, test and mock end points. Having been critical of the other offerings for security and it getting in the way of a simple illustration it is possible that the Google Functions may need some work in this area. I didn’t see anything that obviously integrated security features in easily.

Back to my Orginal Articles…

Just to tie back the impacted articles …